Kiribati

The Australian Government, through Pacific Women, has committed approximately $9.9m over 10 years (2012–2022) on initiatives to support women’s empowerment in Kiribati.

There are two key documents providing information about the gender equality work in Kiribati:

Figures

(cumulative to June 2019 unless otherwise stated)

Community awareness and outreach

  • 74 Village Activists, 60 village leaders and 26 church leaders trained in strategies to change community and individual behaviours to prevent violence and encourage safer homes through the Strengthening Peaceful Villages (SPV) project.
  • 310 people surveyed in Betio and South Tarawa documented behaviour change relating to violence, gender relations and power arising from the SPV
  • First Year 9 Respectful Relationships syllabus is endorsed by the Ministry of Education.

Crisis support and prevention services

  • 162 clients supported since 2018 by Kiribati Women and Children Support Centre (KWCSC), Kiribati’s first rights-based counselling service.
  • First CEDAW report compiled by Kiribati in 2019, including analysis of Kiribati’s crisis support policies and services, with KWCSC leading the shadow CEDAW reporting.
  • More than 60 male advocates joining the Ministry of Women, Youth, Sports and Social Affairs (MWYSSA) Male Advocates Program since its launch on White Ribbon Day in 2013.

Achievements

Leadership and Decision Making

  • Aia Maea Ainen Kiribati (AMAK) is being revived as the coordinating body for gender equality and women’s groups in Kiribati. A major achievement was the National Expo which brought together AMAK women members from across Kiribati to strategise about market access while showcasing and selling handicraft and cultural products.
  • The Kiribati Women Practice Parliament has proposed a Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2019 seeking to include the terms disability and gender in the Kiribati constitution; prohibit discrimination on grounds of sex, disability and gender; seek to replace the term ‘women’ with ‘person’ in the marriage section to ensure gender neutrality and to give the same rights to all spouses of Kiribati citizens. The government led event was held in October 2019 in partnership with UNDP and with support from UN Women and funding through Pacific Women.
  • Two women from Kiribati participated in the Australia Awards Women’s Leadership Initiative with scholarship recipients studying at Australian tertiary institutions to develop their leadership skills and capabilities.

Economic Empowerment

  • MWYSSA’s women’s economic empowerment program that directly guides financial literacy, business development and product development activities, is informed by the feasibility study into strategies responding to women’s low income and decision-making autonomy funded by Pacific Women.
  • Support for AMAK is helping link women handicraft producers in South Tarawa to markets and strengthening AMAK’s capacity to secure funding support for handicrafts and microfinance training for women, such as from the Taiwan Embassy.

Ending Violence against Women

  • Support for the start-up of Kiribati’s first crisis centre, KWCSC, enabled it to open its doors to clients in 2018 and contributed to it becoming independent in July 2019. KWCSC provides free, confidential counselling, legal information, case management and community awareness. It continues to expand its services outside the capital through referrals from outer islands. UN Women, Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre and Pacific Women’s Support Unit provide technical support and training to KWCSC to ensure safe and quality services for women.
  • MWYSSA’s four-year SPV project, implemented in partnership with UN Women through the Pacific Partnership to End Violence Against Women and Girls, takes a unique village-led approach encouraging safe villages and homes without violence, demonstrating that government is a key partner to prevent violence against women. There are 18 Peaceful Villages in South Tarawa and Betio, reaching half the country’s population (approximately 56,385 people). The SPV project was formally launched in 2019 by His Excellency Taneti Maamau, President of the Republic of Kiribati.
  • For the first time, prevalence data is available in Kiribati on men’s perpetuation of violence against women and girls. Preliminary data was collected through the SPV project on attitudes and behaviours on violence against women and girls in South Tarawa.
  • The Kiribati Police Domestic Violence and Sexual Offences office in Betio and a gynaecological room in South Tarawa’s hospital were extended between 2014–2017 to improve shelter, comfort and access for women.

Enhancing Agency

  • MWYSSA launched Kiribati’s first Gender Equality and Women’s Development Policy 2019–2022, with support from partners including Pacific Women.
  • Central to AMAK’s revival as the coordinating body for gender equality and women’s groups in Kiribati, is its work with civil society organisations and other partners to submit Kiribati’s first Stakeholder Report to the United Nations Human Rights Council Periodic Review of Kiribati in 2019.
  • Overcoming entrenched social and cultural taboos, Kiribati Family and Health Association increased its outreach services to rural and remote areas through formal agreements with nine governing Island Councils to provide sexual and reproductive health (SHRH) products and services in their communities. These agreements increase access to SHRH to 75 per cent of the I-Kiribati population.
  • The Pacific Community’s (SPC) Progressing Gender Equality in the Pacific (PGEP) project has improved the Kiribati Government’s capacity to produce and use gender statistics to directly guide national policy and decision making including for human rights. MWYSSA and the National Statistics Office produced the first ever Kiribati Gender Statistics Abstract in 2017.

Pacific Women partners in Country

Government of Kiribati: Kiribati Police Domestic Violence Unit; Magistrates’ Courts; Ministry of Education; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Women, Youth, Sports and Social Affairs – Women’s Development Division (MWYSSA).

Kiribati civil society partners: Kiribati Family Health Association; Kiribati Women and Children Support Centre (KWCSC); Aia Maea Ainen Kiribati (AMAK).

Other partners: Australian International and Community Relations Office, Department of the House of Representatives; Developmental Leadership Program, La Trobe University; Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre; International Planned Parenthood Federation; UNICEF; UnitingWorld Church; UN Women; the Pacific Community: POETCom, Progressing Gender Equality in the Pacific and the Regional Rights Resource Team; Women’s Leadership Initiative; and Pacific Women’s regional partners.

Details on activities for each country, including those supported by the regional program, are available via the interactive map. The full list of program partners can be found here.

Stories of Change


Publishing gender statistics to promote equality

The Kiribati Gender Statistics Abstract 2017, the first of its kind in Kiribati, provides key indicators and statistics related to education, health, human rights, public life, decision making, economic structures, participation in productive activities and access to resources.

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A new service opens for survivors of violence

The Kiribati Women and Children Support Centre opened in Tarawa in January 2018. It is the first formal counselling and advocacy service for women in the country, filling a gap for families experiencing violence.

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Privacy and quality services for survivors of violence

The Ending Sexual and Gender Based Violence (ESGBV) Policy and 10-year National Action Plan outline the Kiribati Government’s approach to ending violence against women. The ESGBV Taskforce has been established to bring service providers and stakeholders together to coordinate programs and activities. By working together, stakeholders are upscaling violence prevention and service delivery programs and activities to ensure that policy objectives and outcomes are achieved.

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Strong Leadership for the New Kiribati Women and Children Support Centre

Funded under the Australian aid program’s Pacific Women Shaping Pacific Development initiative, and with support from the Kiribati Family Health Association, the Kiribati Women and Children Support Centre is scheduled to open in early 2018. Its inaugural coordinator brings a wealth of experience to the job and ‘a goal to support women and children who are affected by violence.’

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