While gender mainstreaming gained significant momentum in the Pacific in the lead up to and early years following the Beijing Conference, perceptions are that the momentum was not maintained and that national governments do not have the necessary capacity to systematically integrate gender perspectives, including the provisions of CEDAW, into development processes. Without this capacity Pacific Island countries and territories will not be able to achieve national, regional and international commitments to gender equality.
This stocktake was designed to determine the extent to which capacity for effective gender mainstreaming exists in national governments, and to identify potential areas of strategic intervention to strengthen such capacity. It is an initiative of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), in collaboration with national governments and with support from the Australian aid program. It is being carried out in phases throughout the Pacific region in response to a call from Pacific Island ministers responsible for gender equality and the advancement of women. It is their hope that the stocktake will provide guidance to strategically strengthen the institutional capacity of governments to mainstream gender and realise their international commitments to equality between women and men.
The underlying premise of the stocktake is that national women’s machineries (NWMs) are key catalysts for the mainstreaming of gender and women’s human rights but they are not the sole agencies responsible for achieving it. To be effective, NWMs need both strong internal capacity and a wider government structure that is supportive of gender equality and mainstreaming. That wider structure must include a strong legal and policy framework supportive of gender equality and mainstreaming, genuine government commitment, a supportive organisational culture, clear accountability mechanisms, strong technical capacity and adequate resources – in short, an enabling environment (see Box 1). SPC’s initiative is thus designed firstly to take stock of that enabling environment, and secondly to collaborate with national governments and other development partners in the design and implementation of concrete, evidence-based strategies for enhancing it.
The stocktake does not evaluate the work of government or specific efforts at mainstreaming; rather it simply analyses the degree to which there is an enabling environment for such mainstreaming to take place.
The Nauru Stocktake process involved desk research combined with in-country semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The stocktake was undertaken in a one-week period in late February early March 2014. Six full interviews were conducted with ministries and departments of the Government of Nauru, including a representative range of both central and line ministries. Some interviews were with individuals and some with groups. In addition shorter specifically focused discussions were held with five additional ministry representatives to collect targeted views and information on topics like media, statistics, finance, public prosecution and violence against women.
OTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THIS RESOURCE:
- Publisher: Pacific Community (SPC)
- Organisation commissioning the research: Pacific Women
- Search keywords: Nauru, Gender, Stocktake, Gender Mainstreaming